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Strategies, research, industry trends — your pulse on the marketplace
instagram ghost followers

It’s easy to assume that when it comes to Instagram, the more followers you have, the better. But that’s not always the case — especially where ghost or fake followers are concerned. Creative Impact Collective, a consulting membership for small-business owners, recently deleted 20,000 of its Instagram followers. That’s a quarter of its followers.

Why? Because after conducting a quality audit of its account, founder Fab Giovanetti made a startling discovery: their engagement rate — the percentage of followers who engage with its posts — was a mere 0.1%. Meanwhile, the average engagement rate for an Instagram business profile is 4.7%.

Lots of Giovanetti’s followers weren’t liking and commenting on her content. But not just because they were infrequent users or were uninterested in her posts — thousands weren’t real followers at all. They were fake accounts created by bots. Essentially, they were ghosts. 👻

Odds are your brand’s Instagram also has ghost followers that can hurt your credibility and lower your engagement rate. So here’s everything you need to know about Instagram ghost followers, including how to find them, remove them, and avoid them.

What are Instagram ghost followers?

Instagram ghost followers are inactive or fake Instagram accounts that may follow you, contributing to your overall follower count. However, they never interact with your content.

Sometimes these accounts are created by real people who simply don’t use their account. However, they’re often social bots with no actual users behind them.

instagram ghost followers

These accounts exist because people are willing to pay for followers, which has created a market for fake follower accounts. All those fake followers must be created though, and this process is often automated.

Just because you didn’t purchase them doesn’t mean these fakes aren’t lurking in your follower count. The Institute of Contemporary Music Performance conducted an audit of 100 of the most successful Instagram accounts and found that up to half of all the accounts following celebrities like Taylor Swift, Ellen DeGeneres, and Ariana Grande weren’t real at all.

“All large Instagram profiles have some percentage of ghost followers,” says David Dundas, founder of influencer marketing agency HelloConvo. He estimates that 10% to 20% of brand accounts’ followers are fakes.

How do you identify them?

The Instagram ghost followers that are easiest to spot have no profile picture, no posts, and a high ratio of people-they-follow to followers. They may also have a username that looks like gibberish or is composed of random numbers.

In the example below, this account has no profile photo or posts, and it’s following more than 2,000 people but has no followers. Most likely, we’re looking at a ghost account.

instagram ghost followers
Example of a potential ghost Instagram account

However, a fake Instagram account can sometimes appear to be real. They may have a more convincing username and even a few actual photos posted.

What’s so bad about ghost followers?

If you’re concerned only about your number of Instagram followers, ghost followers won’t harm your account. You might even be grateful for the boost. But those fake followers could hurt your bottom line if you collaborate with an influencer or manage a brand account

They harm your credibility

Anyone can appear to be influential on Instagram these days by purchasing a few thousand followers. Since social media has become a competitive space, organically gaining followers can take time and effort. Many brands and influencers are fighting for consumers’ attention, leading to an increase in purchasing fake followers. 

These days though it’s common practice for businesses to analyze an account’s following to ensure they’re teaming up with the real deal — a person or brand that can deliver a worthwhile return on investment.

“When we evaluate influencers on behalf of brands, we use sophisticated tools to understand the makeup of your audience,” Dundas says. “We also do a ‘spot check’ looking at the comments on posts, as well as a quick scroll of your followers to see whether they’re real or not. If things look strange or they don’t have real conversations in the comments, we’re not likely to work with the influencer.”

Because Instagram users are typically paid based on the size of their audience, companies that team up with businesses and influencers that have fake followers are often paying to reach people that don’t even exist. For example, a report by cybersecurity firm Cheq estimates that fake followers cost brands $1.3 billion in 2019 alone.

instagram ghost followers

That’s why companies usually now include language in their contracts that addresses Instagram ghost followers.

So if you’re working with other brands or creators, it’s important to ensure that your followers are legit, so you can establish and maintain an honest and mutually beneficial partnership.

They lower your engagement rate

Just as Giovanetti discovered, Instagram ghost followers can make your content less engaging because fake followers don’t interact with your content. For example, let’s say you have 10,000 followers, but you’re getting only 30 likes per photo. In this case, it’s obvious, at a glance, to any savvy Instagram user that your engagement rate is incredibly low.

An account with many followers but low engagement likely has a lot of ghosts contributing to that high follower count. And if your posts aren’t getting enough attention from followers, they’re certainly not going to attract advertisers.

To calculate your account’s engagement rate, divide the number of likes and comments of your 10 most recent posts received by your number of followers. Then, multiply the value by 100.

Engagement rate = likes + comments ÷ followers x 100

Fewer people will see your content

Instagram’s algorithm predicts what kind of posts users want to see in their feeds based on what they’ve liked and commented on previously. And it’s more likely to display content based on how engaging it is.

If your brand announces a new product and the post generates a lot of interactions, the algorithm is likely to place this post in more of your followers’ feeds. This could also land it on Instagram’s coveted Explore page, where users are recommended posts from accounts they don’t follow.

A post that doesn’t attract many likes or comments, however, won’t have as much reach because Instagram’s algorithm deems it less relevant to users’ interests.

When your account has a lot of ghost followers that don’t engage with your content, this lack of interaction affects your post’s visibility. Not only is it less likely to appear in your fake followers’ feeds, but it’s also less likely to show up in your other followers’ feeds.

This can create a vicious cycle: your engagement rate drops, so fewer people view your content. And the fewer users who see your posts mean your engagement rate will decrease again.

How do fake followers impact Instagram influencer campaigns?

Fake Instagram followers reduce the effectiveness of any influencer marketing program. If the influencers who make up the program don’t have real followers, any content shared by them is unlikely to yield the desired results, if any. The program won’t return any sales, engagement, or reach.

Plus, the follower count is typically the measure that defines the influencer’s rate card. So if a brand hires an influencer with 50,000 followers of which 30,000 followers are fake, then it’s simply paying for bots and not real audiences. In which case it’s a refund or no business in the first place.

How do you check for Instagram ghost followers?

There’s several ways to do a ghost followers audit on Instagram. It can be done manually or through automated tools. 

Manual Instagram fake follower audit

It’s quite simple to check whether an account is suspicious or not. Here’s five steps to detect Instagram fake followers: 

  1. Check the profile bio or information. Suspicious accounts will have very little information about the profile, with fewer or no posts 
  2. Check if they have any profile picture or real name in their username. If you notice that the followers’ accounts have no profile pic or poorly written usernames, this can be a sign of a fake follower. For example, @u_stole_my_heart looks real, but @donjhonson765432af could be a bot 
  3. Check the following-to-follower ratio. Bots usually have a large following and no followers
  4. Check for an unnatural rate of activity in your or the influencer’s account. If you see fluctuations in the account activity, the account may have bots. A real influencer’s account activity will have no such imbalance for the most part. The level of engagement will be steady
  5. Check for weird commenting patterns on posts. Advanced bot services are programmed to leave comments on posts to make them seem real. But, it’s easy to determine a fake comment because the comments are too robotic and generic, usually simple one or two-word comments, such as “good job,” “nice,” or “beautiful”

Automated Instagram follower audit 

Doing an Instagram fake follower audit manually can be time-consuming, especially if you want to partner with multiple influencers for one campaign or focus your elsewhere, like on strategy.

Automated tools like Bazaarvoice can do all the heavy lifting for you by analyzing an influencer’s follower and engagement rates to determine if any fake followers are lurking in their accounts.

How to remove Instagram ghost followers

Once you’ve determined you have ghost followers, it’s time to remove them. It may seem daunting, especially if you have thousands of fake followers, but the best way to remove Instagram ghost followers is to do so manually. “I would literally go through our followers list and click on anyone who looked suspicious,” Giovanetti writes.

While apps exist that claim to identify and remove bot-created accounts, Instagram has banned apps that identify and remove ghost followers in bulk. Connecting one to your account can result in Instagram flagging your account and you potentially losing access to it. You also won’t have full control over which accounts are removed from your followers’ list.

fake followers

Plus, there’s an upside to manually removing those Instagram ghost followers. “A great perk of doing this is that I got to re-engage with active followers who may forget about us by liking some of their pictures, which also sparked up our engagement,” Giovanetti says.

Once you’ve purged your account of those fake followers, Dundas suggests being proactive and doing a bit of “house cleaning” every three months to remove ghost followers.

How to avoid Instagram ghost followers

The only way to completely prevent bots and fakes from following your Instagram account is to set your profile to private, so you have to approve each new follower. 

Obviously, this isn’t an option for brands. However, there’s steps you can take — or not take — to keep those ghostly followers to a minimum.

Don’t purchase followers

Paying for Instagram followers is essentially purchasing ghost followers, so forego the temptation and focus on growing your Instagram following organically.

“Don’t buy followers,” Dundas advises. “It will forever impact your performance with the Instagram algorithm.”

Instead, he recommends making “audience reactivation” part of your ongoing social strategy. “Reply to all comments on your posts, engage daily with existing followers by leaving comments on their posts, and engage with new accounts in your niche that aren’t following you. This practice generates authentic conversations that give positive signals to the Instagram algorithm, and will increase your engagement rate.”

fake followers

Don’t buy an existing Instagram account

There’s companies that sell Instagram accounts that already have a following, but purchasing an existing account won’t actually give you a head start. More than likely, all those followers are exactly the kind you want to avoid: bot-created accounts.

Don’t pay for engagement

Instead of taking the time to manually delete all those ghost followers, some users opt to improve their engagement rate by purchasing likes, comments, and Instagram Story views.

But while this may boost your metrics in the short-run, it’s not a sustainable practice, and soon you’ll be right back to where you started.

Find authentic influencers 

Many influencers stand out for their authenticity, skillfully representing your brand and compelling the audience to make purchases. Seek out these genuine creators with legitimate followers and engagement from real audiences.

Some brands will choose to focus on nano- and micro-influencers (accounts with a lower number of followers) as they tend to have a genuine online presence and are less likely to have ghost followers. That’s why they have much higher engagement.

Create authentic content that attracts real followers and engagement

Unfortunately, ghost followers just come with the Instagram territory for now. While it’s certainly a good idea to do a regular audit of your followers and clean out the inactive users and fakes, the one surefire way to attract real quality followers and get loads of comments and likes is to simply post authentic, engaging content.

Of course, that’s easier said than done, but we’ve got countless ideas to help you capture the attention of Instagram users — and secure their follows.

Start by taking a look at your Instagram analytics to determine what kind of content your audience engages with, then read this guide for social media professionals to drive engagement and commerce to take your social strategy to the next level.

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